Page 1 of 6
Muro de Alcoy´s festivities are undoubtedly the oldest known, it is assumed that since the late P. XVIII held. But the first written document to be preserved, dates from 1822 and is a bill that the municipality of Muro pays a carpenter by the settlement of the castle used in the patron saint festivities, which tells us that those dates for the holidays Moors and Christians were already consolidated as it had adequate infrastructure to make the trilogy of festive manner to which we are accustomed today.
Throughout the nineteenth century references to the press (alcoyana mostly), makes our celebrations of Moors and Christians, are numerous and highlighted the large number of people from the region who came to see them, either by car or online currently missing the train that went to Alcoy-Gandia and had stops in the population.
But undoubtedly the nineteenth century left us a great legacy literary, since in 1852 the lawyer "murero", José Vicente Senabre Vilaplana, wrote the fabulous embassies that, even today are still represented in our population. This text written in Spanish and in verse, is one of the clearest examples of the influence of romanticism in our celebrations of Moors and Christians, as in condenses all eigenvalues of this artistic movement, as the exaltation of the motherland and use of historical figures. Also, the embassy is one of the oldest preserved and which are still represented at the moment, because after the texts of Villena, Sax and Petrel from 1810-1815; Alcoy from 1833-38 and Onil 1848, the embassy Muro is the oldest. This text to be transmitted orally or through manuscripts, was first released in the year 1913, and did not return to print up its second edition in 1949, was finally re-published in 2002 to mark the 150 anniversary of the embassies, this third and latest edition benefited from the review and comment annotations as well as historical Joan Josep Pascual Gisbert, a teacher, historian and collaborator of the Junta de Fiestas and an expert in the local Moors and Christians.
Also in the nineteenth century and by the same author of embassies, saw the light of the Annunciation of the party that every second Sunday of Easter a child recites a dress Angel loins of a horse, in various locations of the town, the act is called the "Publicà." We don't know why the figure of an angel appears announcing the festivities, but it is assumed it was because this figure embodies the biblical purity, and the sacred texts also performs occasionally mission announcer of God.
This feast of the Annunciation, is popularly known as the "Verset de l'Angelet." It is a poem of three stanzas of eight lines each, ie is a poem of the so-called real octaves. This poem was written after the embassy, as we have already said is the same author that this poem, probably on the occasion of the inauguration of the Hermitage in 1860 or the first centenary of the patron, in 1869.